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IMPORTANT: This is general medical information, and is not tailored to the needs of a specific individual. This material is NOT complete. It does not cover all possible precautions, side effects, or interactions. You should always consult your physician when making decisions about your health.
Suboxone is a combination of buprenorphine and naloxone. It is used to treat adults who are dependent on and addicted to opioids (either prescription or illegal) such as Heroin, Codeine, Hydrocodone (Cicodin, Hycodan), Morphine (MS Contin, Kadian), Oxycodone (Oxycontin, Percoset), Hydromorphone (Dilaudid), and Fentanyl (Duragesic) for withdraws and detoxing.
Buprenorphine is an opioid medication, sometimes called a narcotic. Even though Buprenorphine is an opioid it is unlike other opioids in that it is a partial opioid agonist, meaning that it produces a mild high at most. Naloxone blocks the effects of opioid medication, including pain relief or feelings of well-being that can lead to opioid abuse. Naloxone is used to help prevent abuse such as being taken intravenously as it reverses the effects of the buprenorphine, which blocks the high. Therefore there is less danger of diversion.
Suboxone is manufactured by Indivior Inc. in the United States and is a registered trademark of Indivior UK Limited.
Suboxone comes in two different forms a sublingual tablet or film. Both the sublingual tablet and film are placed under the tongue (or for the film inside the cheek) until they dissolve. Treatment should begin under the supervision of a doctor (qualified under the Drug Addiction Treatment Act). In appropriate patients, treatment may continue at home with follow-up visits to a doctor at reasonable intervals.